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Introduction How Rivers Run Stories Value Of A River What We Can Do
Connections of a River - Connectivity
Vertical connections (pg 1 of 7)

The connection between the atmosphere and groundwater represents vertical connectivity. The ability of water to cycle through soil, river, and air as liquid, vapor, or ice is important in storing and replenishing water.

This exchange is usually visualized as unidirectional-precipitation falling onto land and then flowing over land or percolating through the ground to the stream. An equally important transfer of water occurs from the streambed itself to surrounding aquifers. Groundwater can contribute to flows in the river at certain times in the year and at certain locations on the same stream.

The slow movement of water through sediments to the river produces several ecological benefits. The water is filtered of many impurities. It usually picks up dissolved minerals. It is cooled. And the water, rather than flushing into a river, is metered out slowly. This often benefits our smaller, cooler streams that provide critical habitat for fish, wildlife and invertebrate species.

(Stanford and Ward, 1988); (Winter et al., 1998)


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Introduction
Flow
Shape
Connections
Description
Longitudinal
Lateral
Vertical
Temporal
Quality
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